To protect against scab disease resistance, Georgia pecan farmers now have a new fungicide in their arsenal, according to University of Georgia plant pathologist Tim Brenneman.Miravis, which is already being used successfully on other crops such as peanuts, contains a new active ingredient, pydiflumetofen, that should strengthen current pecan disease management programs, said Brenneman, a professor in the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.“We’re excited to have a new class of fungicides. We’ve needed some other chemistries because of resistance issues to several of the fungicides we’re using already,” he said. Miravis has a completely different mode of action and should control these resistant isolates. “The product labeled on pecans is actually Miravis Top, which contains pydiflumetofen plus difenoconazole, one of our most active triazole fungicides. We had trials in orchards across south Georgia in 2019 and achieved excellent scab control.”Scab disease does not usually kill trees, but it can greatly reduce yields. The fungal pathogen that causes scab overwinters in the tree as lesions on stems and old nut shucks that remain in the tree after harvest. When temperatures begin to warm in the spring, the fungus becomes active and starts to produce new spores that are spread by rain and wind.Farmers repeatedly use fungicide treatments to combat scab disease during rainy growing seasons. However, this repeated exposure causes scab to develop resistance to certain chemicals. As a result, an already difficult disease to control becomes much more challenging to manage. The key is to use a combination of products that each control the fungus in a different way. Brenneman says that the best time to apply this new fungicide is during the nut-sizing period from June to August. He recommends growers apply a fungicide application every two weeks or even every 10 days during a rainy season on susceptible cultivars. Most growers will spray between eight and 10 times in a normal year and as much as 15 to 20 times during a wet year.Phosphite fungicides were already labeled for pecans but are being used by more and more growers. Recent research has shown them to be very active on leaf scab. The mode of action of the phosphites is completely different than that of Miravis Top, so using them prepollination sets the stage for resistance management, especially if growers still rotate standard protectant products like Elast or Tin postpollination.This new label for Miravis Top use on pecans was finalized in early September.“Pecans are subject to some major disease issues, especially pecan scab. We really rely on fungicides because the trees live many years, and cultivars tend to become more susceptible to scab as they age. You can’t rotate a pecan tree like you can rotate a peanut plant. When you have resistance issues on a perennial crop like pecans, it’s a serious problem,” Brenneman said. “Having a totally different active ingredient to work into those fungicide rotations is very important.”Controlling for scab is a costly expense for producers, and this year has been no exception.“If we dodged the early season scab with the dry weather, we made up for it in midseason. It caught up with some people because they slacked off with their fungicides,” Brenneman said. “The problem with pecans is that it takes growers so long to spray. You have big orchards, and these huge air blast sprayers are very expensive. They have to drive slowly through the orchard. For some folks, it may take them 10 days to spray their trees.“They can’t just respond quickly. When the wet weather comes in and they’re behind schedule, it can be a problem.”For more information about Georgia pecan production, see site.extension.uga.edu/pecan.
A dozen state-owned enterprises listed on the local stock exchange will buy back their shares to prop up prices which have dropped sharply in the past few days amid fears the new coronavirus outbreak would further worsen the country’s economic outlook.Arya Sinulingga, an aide to State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) Minister Erick Thohir, said that the 12 state companies had allocated between Rp 7 trillion (US$489 million) and Rp 8 trillion to buy their shares from the public.The twelve companies include Bank Rakyat Indonesia (BBRI), Bank Mandiri (BMRI), Bank Negara Indonesia (BBNI), Bank Tabungan Negara (BBTN), construction company Wijaya Karya (WIKA), Adhi Karya (ADHI), Pembangunan Perumahan (PTPP), Jasa Marga (JSMR), Waskita Karya (WSKT), mining company Aneka Tambang (ANTM), Bukit Asam (PTBA) and Timah (TINS), as told by Arya. Shares of state companies listed on the local stock exchange have fallen by between 10 percent and 40 percent since the start of the trading this year.State-owned construction firm Adhi Karya told The Jakarta Post on Wednesday that the company would buy back their shares as required by the government.“Adhi will make a share buyback. The plan is under study,” Adhi Karya corporate secretary Parwanto Noegroho said. He added that the information disclosure related to the buyback would be announced following the OJK circular letter.Bank Mandiri corporate secretary Rully Setiawan told the Post in a written statement that the bank had approved an approval from the SOEs Ministry to buy part of its shares which have been sold to the investing public.“Bank Mandiri will closely monitor the market condition,” Rully said on Tuesday, adding that a study on the technical, legal and taxation aspects needed before the share buyback was conducted.Read also: Bourse announces new trading suspension policy on brink of bear marketMeanwhile, Jasa Marga head of corporate finance Eka Setya Adrianto said in Jakarta on Tuesday that the company was still studying the option at the moment but he was reluctant to explain the details of the share buyback plan.Coal miner Bukit Asam finance director Mega Satria said on March 3 that the company would wait for stable market conditions and OJK approval before buying back its stocks.When asked whether PTBA would buy back its stocks this month, Mega said; “we’re not sure when. We still wait and see. We’re also not sure how much we will buyback. ”He went to say that Bukit Asam still held 330 million treasury stocks that “we want to sell, actually, but we have to look at the market condition.” The stocks were part of the stocks it bought from the market some time ago.Norman Harsono contributed to the storyTopics : Read also: OJK relaxes buyback rules as Indonesian stocks nosedive more than 6% “The share buyback is needed as the prices of their shares have fallen far below their book value,” Arya told reporters on Tuesday.The state companies had begun their share buyback program and that it was up to them to decide when the share buyback practices would be stopped, Arya said after the Financial Services Authority (OJK) issued a regulation on Monday evening to allow listed companies to buy back their shares without prior shareholders approval.The new policy allows the listed companies to buy back up to 20 percent of their paid-up capital in a bid to push up their share prices. “This is as an effort to stimulate the economy and reduce the impact of the significantly fluctuating market,” the OJK said in a statement.The Jakarta Composite Index (JCI), the main price indicator on the IDX), fell further by nearly 2 percent on Wednesday after losing 6.7 percent on Monday. The index lost 17 percent this year amid growing fears over the global spread of the new coronavirus.
MOL FSRU Challenger, the world’s largest FSRU (Image: MOL)LNG Canada contracts BAM to build new Rio Tinto wharfBAM International, together with Canada’s JJM Construction and a U.S. company Manson Construction has been awarded the contract to build the new Rio Tinto Aluminium BC Works wharf on behalf of LNG Canada.Venture Global LNG brings in cash for liquefaction projectsVenture Global LNG garnered $108.6 million in a private placement bringing the company’s aggregate funding total to $470 million.MOL takes delivery of world’s largest FSRUMitsui O.S.K. Lines of Japan has last week taken the delivery of the world’s largest floating storage and regasification unit (FSRU).Cheniere commissions Sabine Pass LNG’s Train 4The US LNG export player, Cheniere, has reached substantial completion of the fourth liquefaction train at the Sabine Pass LNG project in Cameron Parish, Louisiana.Guy Elliott steps down from Shell board after Rio Tinto fraud chargeThe Hague-based LNG giant Shell said Wednesday that Guy Elliott has stood down as a non-executive director of the company after US regulators charged his former company Rio Tinto with fraud for not coming clean about a coal deal in Africa. LNG World News Staff