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Internet : a weapon on mass revolution ?

first_img News Download the article in PDF Organisation Almost 500 bloggers were arrested in 2008 because of their online activity. Gamal Eid, Director of the Arabic Network for Human Rights in Cairo said, “It was the worst year since 1952”, the date on which Egypt theoretically became a democracy. To find out more, read the article. Related documents Internet : a weapon of mass revolution ?PDF – 703.91 KB Detained woman journalist pressured by interrogator, harassed by prison staff April 6, 2009 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Internet : a weapon on mass revolution ? News February 1, 2021 Find out more January 22, 2021 Find out more Less press freedom than ever in Egypt, 10 years after revolution EgyptMiddle East – North Africa EgyptMiddle East – North Africa RSF_en Al Jazeera journalist Mahmoud Hussein back home after four years in prison Short history of a contested viral strikeA strike broke out on 6 April 2008 in Mahalla, north of Cairo, site of the country’s largest textile factory. The same day, members of a group on the social networking site Facebook were arrested for having passed on information about the strike. 1,254 strikes are known to be organised in the country between 6 April and 31 December 2008, despite the fact that they are illegal. Agence France-Presse correspondent in Cairo, Mona Salem described the 6 April movement as a “rare” moment in contemporary Egyptian history. Having covered the story for the agency, she believes the interest of the movement “does not lie in its results, because nothing has changed. It simply shows that young people without any particular political affiliation care about what is going on in their society”. This nationalist upsurge has puzzled the government, which has been caught off its guard. Social networking sites can be used as a means of getting out protest messages and the Internet represents an invaluable space for the new Egyptian generation since it is gradually replacing the unions and political campaigning in the universities. “The government is like an octopus reaching out its tentacles to try to find a guilty party every time it is criticised. The Internet helps us to make our protest better known. It doesn’t matter that there wasn’t any demonstration in one city. Thanks to this means of communication, it can take place in another”, one “6 April” blogger told Reporters Without Borders. الإنترنت: سلاح الثورة الشاملة؟ Since 6 April 2008, many Egyptian Internet users have been tirelessly communicating a message that their society must change. Having grown up under the state of emergency law that prevents them from expressing themselves freely, they have also been the first in line for harassment from the authorities. More than 500 of them were arrested in 2008, because of the content of their online posts. The Internet has been a background clamour in Egyptian political life since the 2005 legislative elections. It’s a buzz that is attracting more and more Egyptians. The reputation of the local blogopshere is growing at the same speed as the numbers of its enthusiastic users. Today the country has the highest Internet penetration rate on the African continent (20% of the population regularly goes online).The fact that young Egyptians are turning to the Internet in ever greater numbers has led to the authorities’ stepping up their surveillance of this group. Security agents now throng the stock exchange district of the capital (Borsa Street) listening in to bloggers talking about “revolution”, “change”, “anger”, and the date of 6 April 2009.A call went out in 2009 for 6 April to become a day of “anger”. Every means of communication has since been pressed into service to spread the message far and wide, including slogans scrawled on bank notes and thousands of text messages sent to random phone numbers. The young Facebook users have no political experience and their real numbers are unknown. But that is their strength. Since any type of meeting is banned under the state of emergency law which the country has been under for 28 years, the Internet allows meetings to be held through a computer.If you can’t control the Internet, intimidate its users “We have an independent press but it doesn’t break any rules. We post photos and film on our blogs to break those rules. It is a bit like letting the genie out of the lamp, which can never go back into it”, said Wael Abbas, one of Egypt’s most emblematic bloggers. It was he who exposed one of the biggest scandals of the decade, by posting videos on his blog in January 2007, showing two police officers carrying out acts of torture in a Cairo police station, almost certainly leading to their conviction and being sent to prison, something which has not happened in the country for more than 20 years. Many young people started blogging because they were inspired by his example. Since the development of the Internet trend, the screw has been tightening around telecommunications. Since 2008, Egyptians have been unable to get an unregistered telephone line but the control is not total. New rules are now in force under which users of WiFi now have to pay for a connection, for which they need to provide an email address to have the password and user name sent. Moreover, a draft law is under debate in Parliament about Net regulation, providing for prison sentences for “abusive Internet use” and for “publication of multi-media content without government permission”. But the bloggers have continued their work. Blogger Mohammed Adel, who was held for four months for posting articles online and taking up a political position on the Israel-Palestinian question, has not given up. To date, he still does not know where he was held. It was his fourth arrest in two years, but he continues the fight. News February 6, 2021 Find out more News “Whoever affronts the President of the Republic can be convicted of detention” (penal code, article 179)“Freedom of opinion is guaranteed. Every individual has the right to express his opinion and to publicise it verbally or in writing or by photography or by other means within the limits of the law. Self-criticism and constructive criticism is the guarantee for the safety of the national structure” (Constitution, article 47) Help by sharing this information Follow the news on Egypt Receive email alerts The “6 April” movement is much more than a simple Facebook story. It is pushing at the limits of dissidence. “In Egypt, dissidence is being homosexual or undermining established moral order”, says Iman Farag. “It has nothing to do with young people being concerned about the future of their country, who learn about politics from books. Perhaps that is their “revolution”. Compared to countries seen as repressive like China, Vietnam or, closer, Tunisia, Libya and Saudi Arabia, the Egyptian regime does not see these young people as dissidents. Activists who use this network do not hide themselves and their means of communication rely on completely open viral techniques. But this story is an example of a challenge thrown down to the authorities: “If you are there, show yourself. If you think that we live by the rule of law, prove it.” to go furtherlast_img read more

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Governor Wolf Urges Congress to Vote No on Tax Reforms that Prioritize the Wealthy Over the Middle-Class

first_imgGovernor Wolf Urges Congress to Vote No on Tax Reforms that Prioritize the Wealthy Over the Middle-Class Economy,  National Issues Harrisburg, PA – In a letter to Pennsylvania’s congressional delegation, Governor Tom Wolf again expressed concern over the current tax bill, citing its prioritization of the uber-wealthy over its support of the middle-class as previously promised. The governor urged Congress to vote no on the current bill, which enacts permanent tax cuts for large corporations and increases the tax burden on Pennsylvania’s homeowners and middle-class.“This bill is bad policy and a giveaway to the uber-wealthy and corporations,” Governor Wolf said. “I am urging Congress to vote no and work on real tax reform that will benefit the middle-class. Further, I am gravely concerned about how the trillion dollar deficit from this bill will be used to cut health care programs like Medicare and Medicaid.Read the full content of the letter to Congressional leaders below. You can also view the letter on Scribd and as a PDF.Dear Congressman:Several members of Pennsylvania’s Congressional delegation were in attendance in October when President Trump visited Harrisburg to talk about tax reform. In his speech, the President said that tax reform would be a “middle-class bill” and that the benefits would go to “the middle-class and not the highest earners.” The bill you will be voting on does not do that.There are clear winners and losers under this bill. A large corporation will see a permanent 14 percent tax cut while an individual making $40,000 will see their modest tax cut disappear by 2023. More than half of the tax cuts in this bill go to the top 1% while Pennsylvanians earning less than $75,000 will pay more in taxes by 2027. In total, 713,000 of our constituents will see a tax hike by 2027.This “middle-class” bill will raise the threshold to qualify for the estate tax, which benefits only the wealthiest 140 estates in the commonwealth. These 140 estates, all worth over $22 million will see a tax cut of $4.4 million. That $4.4 million could be used to provide 1100 Pennsylvania students a Pell Grant to make college more affordable.Homeowners who utilize the State and Local Tax (SALT) deduction will see their deduction capped under this bill. SALT ensures that Pennsylvania families won’t be taxed twice by the federal government on what they’ve already paid in state and local taxes. The majority of Pennsylvanians who use the deduction have an income under $100,000. These changes to the deduction will increase the tax burden on homeowners by as much as $1600 per year. The increased tax burden on homeowners may force our communities to make cuts to emergency services, infrastructure projects, and education.Pennsylvanians’ concerns with this bill are not limited to the changes to tax policy. The Congressional Budget Office estimates that repealing the Affordable Care Act’s individual mandate would increase premiums an additional 10 percent each year. Pennsylvania would see an additional 500,000 uninsured individuals. My administration has worked to bring the commonwealth’s uninsured rate to the lowest on record. Eliminating the individual mandate is a step backwardsAccording to the Joint Committee on Taxation’s score the GOP tax plan will increase the deficit by $1.45 trillion over the next ten years. Without additional Congressional action, this bill will trigger an automatic $25 billion cut to Medicare next year, along with $125 billion in cuts to other programs such as farm subsidies, health prevention funds, and student loans. Earlier this month, Speaker Ryan announced that in 2018 the House of Representatives would work to cut Medicare, Medicaid, Social Security and other entitlement programs that Pennsylvania families rely on. It is irresponsible to support a bill that adds over a trillion dollars to the deficit and then use concern over the deficit to make cut to vital programs that will hurt your most vulnerable constituents.This bill is bad policy. It is a giveaway to the uber-wealthy and corporations. I urge you to vote no and work on real tax reform that will benefit the middle-class.Sincerely,TOM WOLFGovernor12.19.17 Letter to Congress on Tax Reforms by Governor Tom Wolf on Scribd December 19, 2017center_img SHARE Email Facebook Twitterlast_img read more

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MBB : Providence honors former coach, Big East founder Gavitt

first_imgPROVIDENCE, R.I. Flashing across the jumbotron was an image that told of the future. Kneeling front and center before his youth basketball team was an adolescent Dave Gavitt.Years later, he would be front and center with a basketball again this time as the creator of the Big East conference.‘I don’t think people realize what Dave Gavitt did for them,’ Syracuse head coach Jim Boeheim said following Wednesday’s 87-73 win over Providence. ‘I’d be playing golf in Florida right now in a retirement home someplace, and I would have been down there 10 years ago because I wouldn’t be coaching. He made us all.’The legendary Gavitt, who almost singlehandedly constructed the Big East back in 1979, passed away on Sept. 16, 2011, and he was honored Wednesday throughout the city of Providence. Earlier in the day, Service Road #8 was renamed Dave Gavitt Way. He was paid tribute before the game and at halftime with a video tribute.Gavitt’s two sons, several former Providence basketball players, the mayor of Providence and school officials were in attendance for the halftime ceremony.AdvertisementThis is placeholder textSyracuse and Providence are two of the original seven charter members of Gavitt’s Big East conference, and in addition to putting the league together, he coached the Friars from 1969 to 1979.‘There’s absolutely nobody that could have got that group together,’ Boeheim said. ‘None of us wanted to go into the league in the first place, that’s how stupid we are. And he got it, somehow, together and pulled guys in and made it stronger.’Boeheim said that without Gavitt, Syracuse never could have won a national championship. He explained that without the Big East, SU was never ranked in the polls and rarely made the NCAA Tournament.Gavitt’s Big East made all that possible through the formation of a stellar reputation. He brought together the original seven schools for a basketball-focused conference that has since morphed into one of the best leagues in the country year in and year out.And so with more than a hint of emotion in that voice, Boeheim made it known just how monumental of a legacy Gavitt left behind.‘There would be no Jim Boeheim, no Jim Calhoun, Syracuse wouldn’t have won a national championship, Connecticut wouldn’t have won three, there’d be no No. 1 rankings,’ Boeheim said.‘ … He’s the greatest man I’ve ever known, and we owe everything to him. Everything.’[email protected] Facebook Twitter Google+ Published on January 4, 2012 at 12:00 pm Contact Michael: [email protected] | @Michael_Cohen13center_img Commentslast_img read more

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Jason Mraz To Perform In Myanmar Against Human Trafficking

first_imgMTV EXIT (End Exploitation and Trafficking) has announced a historic live concert in Myanmar to be held on December 16th to raise awareness and increase prevention of human trafficking.The free live concert will be held at the Yangon People’s Square, which lies at the base of the magnificent 2600 year-old Shwedagon Pagoda, one of the most iconic and auspicious sites in the country.Multi GRAMMY award-winning singer songwriter Jason Mraz will headline the event becoming the first international artist ever to perform at an open-air concert in Myanmar. Also performing are Myanmar’s top artists including Phyu Phyu Kyaw Thein and R Zarni. Sharing the stage at the free concert will be speakers from the anti-trafficking sector, government and donor community who work to fight human trafficking in Myanmar.In addition, MTV EXIT has launched a contest giving fans a chance to win a trip to see Jason Mraz live in Myanmar. Contest details are here.MTV EXIT Live in Myanmar will be broadcast in Myanmar on national television and will air across MTV’s international network in early 2013 as a special edition of “MTV World Stage,” MTV’s weekly live music series. Available in more than a half-billion homes, the program will feature performances, interviews and key educational information about human trafficking.The event is funded by the Australian Government’s Agency for International Development (AusAID), the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and Walk Free, a global movement to end modern-day slavery; and produced in partnership with the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, the United Nations Inter-Agency Project Against Human Trafficking (UNIAP) and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).Jason Mraz has taken his musical journey from coffee houses to stadiums globally and now has two GRAMMY awards and six GRAMMY nominations to his credit. In 2008, his third album, We Sing We Dance We Steal Things, featured the hit “I’m Yours,” which sold more than 21 million units worldwide and the GRAMMY-winning songs “Make It Mine” and “Lucky.” Most recently, Mraz released Love Is A Four Letter Word, which features the chart-topping song, “I Won’t Give Up.” Mraz has been a longtime advocate against human trafficking, engaging with anti-trafficking organizations in Ghana and The Philippines. The Californian singer last performed to capacity crowds in Asia in June 2012 as part of the Tour Is A Four Letter Word world tour.Human trafficking is a tragic crime that enslaves and exploits its victims, the majority of which are women and children. There are more than 20 million people living in slavery around the world with Myanmar and Southeast Asia particularly affected. The concert forms part of a wider initiative that seeks to educate and train youth through innovative television programming, digital content, capacity building workshops and community-based events. MTV EXIT Live in Myanmar follows the production of two Myanmar MTV EXIT documentaries on human trafficking, which were broadcast in 2010 and 2012 on national television to educate the public about the dangers of trafficking.MTV EXIT is also proud to partner with Edelman, the world’s largest public relations firm. Further details on the concert including how to obtain free tickets will be released soon. For more information, click here or follow MTV EXIT on the following social media platforms: Twitter @mtvexit and Facebook.Source:PR Newswirelast_img read more

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